Berkeley Law’s student body is a community of young professionals whose passions and talents help make this an incredibly vibrant place to learn the practice, purpose, and power of law for the public good. This page is a glimpse at some of our amazing students in their own words and through submissions from members of our community. Nominate someone for a spotlight by emailing email@example.com.
Education: UC Irvine (B.A.)
Affiliations: Berkeley Journal of Gender Law and Justice, Women of Color Collective, Middle Eastern North African Law Students Association
I grew up in Tehran, Iran and immigrated to the US in 2010. I went to high school in Orange County, California and UC Irvine for undergrad, where I double majored in political science and sociology.
The Middle Eastern community is smaller than larger minority communities within the US and within the legal profession. I’m a first generation immigrant and I don’t have any lawyers in my family, so during college I volunteered at events hosted by the Iranian American Bar Association (IABA). After college, while I was preparing for the LSAT, I worked for an Irvine city council member, who then ran for and was elected mayor. We collaborated with IABA to host events focusing on hate crime and incident prevention for the Iranian community (e.g., knowing their rights and what they should do if something were to happen). So, it’s been a valuable resource to get to know Iranian American lawyers doing different kinds of work in the legal profession and to be able to help Iranian Americans in my community. I was proud and grateful to be a recipient of an IABA scholarship as an incoming 1L.
Being a first generation immigrant I have first-hand experience navigating the US immigration system. I’ve seen directly how the immigration system can provide opportunities and a better life, but also how it can create trauma for people who are seeking refuge. So, I’m very passionate about making sure that people who are trying to immigrate to the US, whether it’s just immigration or through the refugee or asylum system, can do so in a fair and equitable manner.
When I heard about the Afghanistan Project, launched by two Berkeley Law alums as the crisis was unfolding there this fall, I immediately wanted to get involved, even though I was only a few weeks into my first semester as a 1L. I felt a connection to the Afghan people and I speak Farsi, so I thought it would be rewarding to help people who come from a similar background as me.
The primary goal of the Afghanistan Project is to harness resources from the law school and law students to aid Afghans who are trying to flee Afghanistan, specifically women, activists, judges, scholars, and government officials. We were paired with an individual who was applying for humanitarian parole for their parents, who were involved with the US government, so their lives were at risk. Humanitarian parole is sort of outside of the formal asylum and refugee system. It’s immediate relief to get individuals fleeing persecution to the United States temporarily so that they can apply for asylum in safety. We aided that individual with filling out that application for their parents. The work was a combination of guiding them with forms and assisting with drafting documents laying out their story and helping them make as strong a case as possible to get this relief.
The reason I came to law school was to advocate for human rights to help people who are overlooked within the legal and political system. My work with the Afghanistan Project was an early lesson in how complicated the immigration system can be to navigate, especially if you don’t have access to legal services. So it reaffirmed for me the importance of pro bono work, to aid people who can’t afford services or don’t have access to it. Working directly with clients and learning from seasoned attorneys has also been a refreshing complement to my doctrinal 1L classes. I definitely plan to commit at least part of my life as a lawyer to helping marginalized people access legal resources to navigate their problems and to bridge the gaps caused by societal inequity to make the world a more inclusive, just place.
For people like me who come from communities that are underrepresented in law schools and the legal profession, it’s not always easy to imagine yourself becoming a lawyer if you don’t know someone who looks like you or shares a similar background as you. But I would encourage anyone considering law school to reach out to other lawyers that share your identity, whether that be your race, ethnic, gender, sexual orientation, or even other immigrants or children of immigrants. In my experience, people are really generous and want you to succeed. Your experience as an immigrant or as an under-represented minority is so valuable and so unique, and quite frankly so needed within the legal profession. So, believe in yourself and find other people like you that can support you along the way.
Education: University of Notre Dame
Affiliations: EBCLC Tenants Rights Workshop; Law Students of African Descent; Queer Caucus; Mock Trial Team
I grew up in a military family and was the first one that had the opportunity to attend selective schools. Going into my college admissions process, my mom was like, ‘I’m going to try everything possible to ensure that you make it.’ I remember her taking out a US News and World Report book from the library. And she opened it to the top 30 institutions in the country, and she was like, ‘These are it. You’re applying to all of these.’ She made it her mission to get me into one of those spaces because she knew that it wasn’t only the pedigree of an institution, but also the people I’d interact with and the network I’d make that would influence the trajectory of my life. And she was right. That has had a big impact on my professional arc because I realized that if it wasn’t for my mom and that book, I probably wouldn’t be here today. Why isn’t this information available to everyone? Why was I the only one out of my neighborhood to have these doors opened to me? These questions are central to the reason I am pursuing a dual Masters of Public Policy and JD (MPP/JD) here at Berkeley.
I ended up going to the University of Notre Dame for undergrad. I studied political science with dual-majors in business economics and public policy, and those areas kind of meshed to develop my desire to focus my career on making an impact in marginalized communities.
But that’s pretty vague, right? There’s lots of different ways to “make an impact.” I think if you want to truly impact the individuals and issues that you care about you have to approach from a multifaceted, kind of roundabout way. That’s how I ended up applying for the dual MPP/JD program, because I wanted to gather as many tools as I could equip myself with to do the work I hope to do.
Both the law school and the policy school (Goldman School of Public Policy) have a lot of strengths, but also some very distinct weaknesses. Let’s say you’re interested in impacting environmental policy. When you start law school, your first year is basically all doctrinal. You’re not going to have time to focus on the issues you really care about because you are spending all your time just trying to survive Civil Procedure. The policy school is the inverse, you’re learning how law and economics impacts policy and people, but also that to make a real impact and change policy, you need to be able to litigate, advocate on behalf of organizations and companies in the courtroom, draft legislation, etc. So the dual program fills in those gaps and work strongly together.
When I finally got to Berkeley I was incredibly excited to be here. But I looked around, and I was the only Black MPP/JD in the entire university. In fact, I’m not aware of any other Black graduates of the dual degree program. And I just find that so interesting, because the law and policy have such a substantial impact on communities of color, and specifically Black communities. Why am I the only one here? What’s stopping individuals from being in these spaces that can help lead to more racial equity? That’s why I’m specifically interested in higher education litigation and advocacy on behalf of individuals trying to enter into higher education. I’m really passionate about these issues because it’s so clear to me how important access to these higher education spaces is to developing leaders and the trickle-down impact it can have on communities.
I started the MPP coursework virtually last year, then I got to start my 1L year here at Berkeley Law in person this fall. One thing that really surprised me about law school is that I didn’t realize that I’d be able to do real lawyering work right away. I joined East Bay Community Law Center’s Tenants Rights Workshop basically as soon as the semester started and from day one I was literally the first point of contact for people’s housing needs. If someone’s being evicted, if someone’s being harassed or someone’s struggling substantially in their housing situation, it is me and a supervising attorney helping this real person in crisis. And that is such an incredible feeling.
There’s this quote I love, and I’m not sure who said it, but it’s basically that the general arc of time bends towards justice. If I’ve learned anything in my experience so far after one year at the policy school and one semester under my belt at the law school, it’s that you don’t just hang out and things change on their own. There are actors that are actively helping move the needle. And so as someone considering a JD or a dual degree, you need to ask yourself, are you ok putting that trust and that faith in someone else to make the change happen? Or do you want to be one of those individuals trying to bend that arc? For me, I couldn’t sit and hope that someone else does the work when I can try and make the impact myself
That’s also how I ended up running for 1L class representative for the Student Association of Berkeley Law. One day early in the semester I was with my now co-president Sewit Beraki, and it was super hot and we were desperately looking for an umbrella and couldn’t find one anywhere. Then a friend of ours was looking for a gender neutral bathroom and it took us like an hour to find one. There were always long lines for the only filtered water station. I kept noticing these very small things across the law school where I was like, ‘Oh, we could probably do something about that.’ So we ran on a platform of just making everybody’s life a little bit easier day to day. Because how are you going to make broad, systemic policy change if you’re about to pass out in the hallway?
Major, U.S. Army, Special Forces
Education: Virginia Tech (B.A. Geography); George Mason, School of Public Policy (M.S. Peace Operations)
Affiliations: Co-founder, Legal Obstacles Veterans Encounter (student-led pro bono project); Assistant Professor of Military Science, U.C. Berkeley Army ROTC (Army Reserves); Editorial Board, Irregular Warfare Initiative (Joint venture between the Modern War Institute at West Point and the Empirical Studies of Conflict Project at Princeton University)
I graduated from Virginia Tech in 2007, weeks after a mass shooting took 32 classmates from our community. I was planning to return home to D.C. or teach locally after undergrad. The senselessness of the incident and insecurity it bred in my community motivated me to alter my path and enter service. I enlisted in the Army that July. By September, I was enrolled in Fort Benning, Georgia’s Infantry School.
In the process of seeking the best route to enter service, I found an opportunity to pair Army ROTC with a graduate program at George Mason University (GMU) called Peace Operations. The Peace Ops curriculum focused on counterinsurgency, stability operations, conflict resolution—very much aligned with what I thought might add value to my career choice. The class was a mix of military officers, diplomats, and aid workers, with a faculty including GEN(R) Mike Hayden and Dr. Janine Davidson. The shared career experiences from this dynamic group were formative for me as a new soldier straight out of Sand Hill.
While at GMU, I was a cadet and served in the Virginia National Guard. I was fortunate to attend a few additional training opportunities like Airborne School, which teaches a group of paratroopers to jump out of an aircraft together at about 1,200 feet; Air Assault School, where we rappelled from helicopters; and Vermont’s Mountain Warfare School where we learned to survive in the mountains, ice climb, and tie knots. All of these skills came in handy this semester when I had the opportunity to rappel from the Campanile with friends from the Berkeley Fire Department.
In addition to the classroom and training curriculum, I was able to compete on GMU’s Ranger Challenge team against regional ROTC programs in skills like navigation and team problem solving. We won our regional competition and the team went on to West Point’s Sandhurst Competition. Twelve years later, I coach the Berkeley ROTC Ranger Challenge team. Training a group of talented young cadets how to work as a team has been a great mental health reprieve from the rigors of law school. The future officers I mentor are smarter than I was at that age. They are Bears, and they don’t shy from physical adversity.
After GMU, I commissioned into the Infantry and went back to Georgia for the Officer Course and Ranger School. By April 2011, I was a platoon leader in Afghanistan with 3-71 CAV from the 10th Mountain Division for a 12-month trip. We were assigned to a tennis court sized outpost in a pomegranate orchard along the Arghandab River. Before we arrived, the 101st Airborne fought with the Afghan National Army (ANA) for every inch of the valley. In that fight, the Taliban embedded IEDs in each home to defend the terrain and most homes were destroyed. Our mission was to live within the village, provide security, and manage the reconstruction. We built trust with the agricultural community as their economy recovered and, despite dealing with an active IED cell, there was only one direct fire incident in the six months we patrolled the orchards. Since the Taliban were quiet, we left the area.
Our platoon was relocated to a larger base in western Kandahar Province. Our job from there was local security in a new village and support to brigade clearance operations across the district. The Taliban were active, and we faced resistance whenever we were in an area the locals and Taliban knew we would not stay. The local population justly assessed it was a better short and long-term bet to cooperate with Taliban intimidation than to be honest with our sporadic counter-opium patrols. We were inserted by truck or helicopter into a remote area, we would patrol until we made contact, then fight our way through. This approach was not sustainable back in 2011, and men and women from my platoon were lost.
It was clear at my early stage of direct involvement that the goal of a stable Afghanistan required a commitment by more than just the NATO militaries. The military carried the burden of counterinsurgency, which involved training a reliable army, building a legitimate economy, and balancing corruption with legitimate governance functions. By 2016 or so, as the military presence was reduced to special operations forces, the other tools of US foreign policy were further sidelined. The military presence was enough to keep a finger in the dam that held back Taliban control for a few years, yet the rapid collapse of the Afghan government this summer made clear the fragility of NATO investments over two decades. The less than whole-of-government contributions to Afghan stability restricted American ingenuity and sapped domestic political will to sustain the limited special operations footprint that existed into 2021.
It’s hard to convince someone from a different background that it’s worth it to trust the American military right now. The military mission failed and the Afghan people suffered, but I would argue that American support to Afghans is not over. Those Americans that contributed, gave a large population of Afghani young people an opportunity to see what could be. They went to school, they had jobs and livelihoods, they had hope. Right now, we’re seeing terrible stories of the Taliban’s repressive tactics, yet we can be inspired by the evacuation assistance driven by the personal relationships built between Americans and Afghans.
When Kabul fell, former colleagues from the Army along with members of the diplomatic and press corps who served in Afghanistan organized heroic privately funded rescue efforts to extract as many Afghans as possible. A lot of Americans, those that went back in uniform and many in their private capacity, dedicated themselves to help get families out. A squad of Marines and a member of Army Special Forces Command gave their lives assisting the evacuation. These individual sacrifices gave Afghan families that landed at American airports opportunity. This collaboration gives me tremendous pride in Americans who do the right thing for a partner. I believe the evacuation continues to be a testament to everything that is right about the character of America’s citizens and public servants.
Seeing Berkeley Law do so much to help Afghans evacuate [see here, here, and here] gave me a deep sense of pride in my choice to be a part of this community. I told buddies back at Bragg about the Law School efforts to bring Afghan lawyers and scholars to safety, and to investigate and document human rights abuses by the Taliban. Special operators recognized the shared mission with the Berkeley community. It’s disappointing that in today’s domestic climate that more conservative places like Bragg and liberal places like Berkeley look at each other as if one is less American. President Kennedy saw the essential nature of both the University of California and the Army Green Berets to protect American values during a period as troubled as our current environment. In the case of the Afghan evacuation, the core values and innovative natures of two of my communities overlapped to contribute positively to a shared cause, and that pride is immeasurable.
Following my time in the Infantry, I trained at Fort Bragg, North Carolina’s JFK School of Special Warfare. The Special Forces Officer curriculum traces its roots to World War II’s Office of Strategic Services, and teaches small unit support to indigenous partners to achieve shared goals. I deployed twice to northwest Africa in command of an Operational Detachment-Alpha and later supported operations across Africa, Syria, North Korea, and Afghanistan. While deployed to Niger in 2017, my Detachment had the unfortunate responsibility of recovering the bodies of four Green Berets killed while fighting through an ambush. The investigations that followed placed blame on my friends for being cowboys. This internal assessment was untrue and ignored their integrity. Watching the organization tarnish the honor of my friends and ignore their valor, while the families of the fallen were lied to, led me to step away from active service.
In May of 2020, just as the pandemic was impacting nationally, my wife and I packed up our toddler, two dogs and two cats, and we camped for the 11 days from Bragg to Berkeley thinking we could avoid the social health situation. It was a wild trip and I do not recommend a road trip with cats. When we finally came out of the Caldecott Tunnel to see the Golden Gate Bridge right there in front of us I immediately forgot about the longest convoy of my life. Seeing that symbol of America after an exhausting journey will be a lifetime memory.
Helping men and women of the American veteran community is a priority for my legal career. Last summer I worked in the Swords to Plowshares legal unit. The opportunity to learn from their experienced attorneys, and to gain exposure to the issues faced by our Bay Area veterans, developed a broad awareness of how to be effective in veterans law. This year, I was fortunate to work with fellow veteran classmates Tyler Baylis ’22 and Blaine Manire ’23 to launch Legal Obstacles Veterans Encounter (L.O.V.E.), a new student-led pro bono project (read more about the project here and contribute here to the Pro Bono Fund, which supports L.O.V.E. and other opportunities for students to engage in pro bono work). I also do direct client work with the Veterans Law Practicum supervised by Professors Olivia Cole and Rose Carmen Goldberg. The process for a deserving veteran to secure earned benefits should be simple, but since it is artificially difficult, it requires an advocate. As I transition careers, the opportunity to fight for veterans while a student is professionally fulfilling. The course of my legal career is uncertain, but Berkeley Law is providing the skills and relentless attitude necessary to become an effective advocate.
The views expressed are those of the author and do not reflect the official position of the United States Department of the Army or Department of Defense.
Hometown: Temecula, CA
Education: UC Santa Barbara B.A.; University of Vermont M.Ed.
Affiliations: UC Student Regent Designate, California Law Review Vol. 111
I was born in Mexico and moved to southern California when I was in second grade. The lack of Latinas in higher education and in the broader legal profession influenced my desire to become a lawyer. I chose to attend UC Berkeley because I’ve been in public schools all my life and believe that, as a leading public law school, Berkeley Law and its students and graduates can create change and shape the future of our profession.
Prior to starting law school, I was involved in Census 2020 outreach. So participating in the Political and Election Empowerment Project (PEEP) (a pro bono student-initiated legal service project) during 1L year was a natural progression of that work. There, I researched voting laws and redistricting efforts. I also served as the law school’s delegate to the Graduate Student Assembly, UC Berkeley’s official legislative body for graduate and professional students. I enjoyed representing my classmates as part of a group that was assessing UC Berkeley’s virtual instruction policy, raising awareness around academic resources, and taking on initiatives like doubling support for Native American students by establishing partnerships to name a few.
I decided to run for the position of Student Regent to the UC Board of Regents because as a UC graduate and former UC staff member, I wanted to bring that unique perspective to the role during such a critical time. Before law school I worked at UC Riverside. There I started two initiatives, the opening of a UCR Career Closet, an initiative that provides students with professional attire, and the founding of the Butterfly Project, a program that provides undocumented students with career counseling, scholarships, and internship opportunities. So I have experience with student advocacy and really enjoy that work.
The Student Regent is an important position because I’ll be a voting member of the governing body of the University of California. As the only student on the board, I will represent all undergraduate and graduate students across the university’s 10-campus system.
The role is a two-year commitment. During the 2021-22 academic year I will serve as the Student Regent-designate, and I will have rights to attend all meetings. Then next year, as the Student Regent, I will attend all meetings and become a voting member. Essentially my job is to represent the student voice and perspective on issues pertaining to the holistic student experience before the board.
As we recover from the impacts of COVID-19, we will continue to face new challenges and I look forward to helping the university innovate and move forward in the best interest of the students during this unprecedented time. In addition to the important priority of addressing impacts of COVID-19 among students and working towards a safe transition back to in-person instruction, another goal for me as Student Regent is to accelerate the university’s efforts to address basic needs and launch collaborative initiatives that address affordable housing for students across the UC system.
I think that the professional training, genuine commitment to serve, and unique leadership experience that law students have make us exceptional candidates for the job of Student Regent. I’m really excited to help make the student experience remarkable as we continue to overcome challenges and work towards building a supportive ecosystem for all students in fall of 2021.
Co-founders of Bringing Law Into Science & Society (BLISS)
Armbien: Allaa and I met on the first day of Berkeley Law’s pre-orientation. We quickly recognized our shared background as scientists who come from immigrant families, and immediately began collaborating on our vision to combine science and law to uplift historically marginalized communities. During law school, we founded Bringing Law Into Science & Society (BLISS), established BLAST-Hawai’i, and pursued other projects through the Berkeley Technology Law Journal (BTLJ), the UN Human Rights Council, and Legal Clinics. And the results have been phenomenal!
Armbien: I have always wanted to be a scientist. I grew up by the sea in the Philippines, and being surrounded by fascinating sea creatures ignited in me a curiosity for how living things function.This led me to pursue my Ph.D. in molecular and cell biology here at UC Berkeley. My work focused on the molecular mechanisms of embryo development; my goal was to understand and prevent congenital disorders like muscular dystrophy. During graduate school, I discovered my life’s purpose: to advocate for equitable allocation of research funding and to ensure equitable access to science education. I was dissatisfied with how poorly research programs actually benefit communities of color, which is a direct outcome of science education and careers being so inaccessible. So I decided to go to law school and pursue science policy.
Allaa: My parents immigrated from Sudan, so I grew up always aware of health disparities. That led me to pursue my undergraduate degree in public health. After that I did a master’s in environmental health sciences at Johns Hopkins where I concentrated in toxicological sciences and epidemiology, which is the science of tracing diseases. I was awarded the Presidential Management Fellowship program STEM track where I worked as a health scientist on remediating Superfund sites at the Environmental Protection Agency. I was working on a really contentious Superfund site where we wanted to pursue a criminal investigation on the polluters’ environmental consultants’ scientific methods and we needed evidence that would stand up in court. That’s when I realized I needed to do more than just the science. I decided to go to law school so I could be a bigger part of the solution to these problems.
Allaa: We both have a really strong commitment to the communities we come from and recognize the differences in the resources that are allocated to different groups of people in different parts of the world. Our science backgrounds give us a unique perspective to be able to see that combining science and law can lead to innovation and equity. But there is an extreme disconnect between science and law.
Armbien: The whole way of thinking as a scientist vs. lawyer can be so opposite yet complementary. In law and policy we are encouraged to think broadly, whereas in science we are trained to think extremely narrowly. In addition, law is rooted in precedent, while science thrives at the cutting edge. The strength of law is that it doesn’t change very much; you do things that happened before. Science is the complete opposite. The scientific method is about disproving your hypothesis, and you adopt a new paradigm when evidence-based research calls for it. Law is based on judicial opinions. That’s a human being, totally subjective. Science is data-based, less open to interpretation. I think lawyers don’t know much about what scientists do and scientists don’t know much about what lawyers are doing either, but their work is critically interrelated and complementary.
Allaa: We founded Bringing Law Into Science & Society (BLISS) to be a bridge that allows scientists to learn about law and lawyers to learn about science and how they can benefit each other and collaborate for the good of society.
Armbien: Our goals for BLISS were to recruit people with technical backgrounds into law and to expose future lawyers to scientific topics. But more importantly, we wanted to create an environment where both sides can collaborate. Berkeley is the perfect place to do this because there are so many brilliant things happening all across the different departments on campus.
Armbien: Our first symposium was exactly that. We recruited scientists from STEM departments: molecular and cell biology, neuroscience, chemistry – we even had a nuclear engineer. We asked the scientists to give a talk about their work and its broader impact in the world. Then we paired up the scientists with law students to work together on hypotheticals. For the law students, we asked: how would you talk to your client about commercializing and patenting their thesis work? How would you help a scientist explain their work to a politician or judge who doesn’t have a science background? For the scientists, we asked: how would you describe to a courtroom why fingerprints or DNA evidence isn’t infallible? How would you advise a legislator to draft a statute is unambiguous and rooted in evidence-based research?
Allaa: Half of the attendees were law students and policy students, but the other half were scientists who were from outside the law school. It was a really special event because I think it allowed both the scientists and lawyers to understand each other’s work more. Now these law students understand why science policy has to be more dynamic than they are used to thinking about in the law and they are conversant in these important issues. And likewise, the science students can go into their professional lives understanding how difficult it can be to move the bar in the legal profession because of our system of precedence, and how important it is to have trained scientists involved in legislating and policymaking.
Allaa: In addition to connecting law students with other grad departments and other graduate students on campus, BLISS also does community outreach. For example, a group of us went to Contra Costa Community College to talk to STEM students about the intersection of law and science.
Armbien: I think most people see law and science as totally separate things. BLISS has given us the opportunity to go into different spaces and explain that not only are they synergistic, but they actually need each other. Law could use the rigor and objectivity that science has to offer, while science can really benefit from law’s broad perspective rooted in society and daily life. Science can be so far removed from what the people actually need and understand; law and policy bring that perspective. This is why together, science and law are such powerful tools for addressing inequities in society. So it’s been amazing to see the BLISS community grow not only within the law school, but also in the greater UC Berkeley and Bay Area community.
Co-directors of Berkeley Law’s Alternative Dispute Resolution team
Part of Berkeley Law’s Advocacy Competitions Program, the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) team sends students to mediation and negotiation competitions, two of the many different types of alternative dispute resolution processes, according to the ABA. Mediation can be thought of as a negotiation facilitated by a trusted neutral person. Mediation competitions include a mediator or “third-party neutral,” (either a student or professional mediator), and the two parties in dispute. Negotiation competitions do not include a third-party, only the two parties in dispute. While mediation involves a more formalized process, in both, the parties are negotiating against each other, which means that everyone on the ADR Team learns how to negotiate.
In fall 2020, Rachel, Sophia, and Karen Yang ’21 were the first team from Berkeley Law to compete on the international level at the Singapore International Mediation Competition, which virtually convened 48 teams hailing from 31 different countries. The Berkeley team competed in Singapore time (5:00 AM Pacific) for five days. They won all five rounds they competed in and took Gold in the Mediator and Mediation Advocate (negotiation) categories.
Here, Rachel and Sophia discuss the ADR team and the value it has contributed to their legal education:
Sophia: When I was in college I did field work at a public defender’s office and in a family court. I kept seeing people get up in court and then the judge would give a decision. But I didn’t feel like most of these people were having their stories heard or having anything actually resolved in their lives. When I was getting ready to graduate I wasn’t sure I wanted to go to law school yet, but I wanted to do something immediately to help people work through issues without having to deal with the court system. So I got certified in mediation and was a volunteer mediator while I was working as a paralegal at the Federal Trade Commission. Then I received the Henry Luce fellowship and went to work for a year at the Singapore International Mediation Institute on dispute resolution and mediation issues. One of the reasons I chose Berkeley Law is the Alternative Dispute Resolution team.
Rachel: I’m a first generation law student, so I didn’t know much about the legal world. Before law school, I was working for UN Women in Papua New Guinea on a woman-only bus system. It became very clear through my research that regardless of how many social interventions we were doing, that the law didn’t protect these women. That experience led me to work as a paralegal at Lieff Cabraser, then to law school. I wasn’t familiar with alternative dispute resolution when I started as a 1L. I actually missed the signups for tryouts and happened to stumble upon it in progress. I asked if I could still try out and they gave me the prompts and said, ‘If you can do this in the next 15 minutes, then sure.’ I prepped for the next 15 minutes, went into the negotiation, and just came alive.
Sophia: Participating in the Alternative Dispute Resolution team and competitions is a unique opportunity for law students to practice advocating for their client’s interests while still problem-solving together with opposing counsel, something that nearly every lawyer will do on a daily basis. Strong writing is important, but lawyers also need to be good communicators.
Rachel: Absolutely. I think a lot of people experience anxiety around public speaking and oral advocacy. The ADR team is one of the few opportunities a 1L has to actually do the work of a lawyer in a safe, learning environment. You’ll practice with teammates and coaches and build your advocacy abilities. Before you know it you’ll be able to confidently engage every single person in any room, regardless of their background.
Rachel: I am planning to go into intellectual property and transactions are a very regular part of that practice area. As a result, I am more interested in the negotiation side of our team. It’s thrilling to go into a space and navigate the competing interests and figure out how to move forward. Sophia loves our mediation side. Together we make a great team.
Sophia: As co-directors this year, we’ve worked really hard to draw on our different skill sets in order to make the team as strong and diverse as possible. Clint Waasted, our head coach, has also been instrumental in developing the ADR program for the past 6 years here at Berkeley. ADR is different from other student organizations in that we bring people together from very different segments of the law school that would likely never connect otherwise to work together on a common cause.
Rachel: ADR is also a great experience because it exposes team members to a wide variety of legal practice areas and situations. For every competition, all ADR members participate in spars, which are basically practice mediations or negotiations to ensure those that will be competing are ready to excel at very high levels. For instance, we had a team competing in the National Sports Law Negotiation Competition earlier this year. So we all had to research how to negotiate a sports contract, learn about the professional organizations and the types of clauses that are normally included, etc.
Sophia: Mediation and negotiation are also increasingly essential to international legal practice. Most cross-border disputes are not going to be resolved in a courtroom, but through some sort of ADR process, often administered through an international body such as the WIPO. These tools are already shaping the way that lawyers interact with each other across different states, different borders, different nations. So it was exciting for us to be able to take Berkeley to an international ADR competition and win.
Education: Centre College, KY; Xavier University, OH; University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa William S. Richardson School of Law (JD); United States ARMY
Zooming in from: O’ahu, Hawai’i
The X-Files was a huge part of my life when I was little. I wanted to grow up to be a hybrid of Scully and Mulder. I knew the FBI looks favorably on people who are veterans, so, I was like, “The Army will be perfect. That will help me get in and become Scully!” I found out later that’s not a real thing, but that was my dream until I went to Afghanistan.
After college I joined the Army and served four years as a transportation officer. I was stationed at the third largest logistics hub in Afghanistan during the 2010 surge. We were in control of everything that moved in and out of there, building supplies, ice cream, Christmas trees, lumber, tanks, toilet paper, etc. We also had to make sure all the supplies were moving throughout the country to support operations.
My husband was also in the Army, and he was stationed in Hawaii doing air defense artillery. So when I was in officer training he was looking for housing for us and he had always wanted to live on a boat, so he said, “Hey. Would you be okay living on a boat for a little while?” I said, “I don’t care. I’m just trying to survive bootcamp right now. Please just get us somewhere to live.” So we’ve lived on a boat since 2008. We started off on a sailboat, and now we are on a large powerboat. I’ve got my own office, we’ve got two different cabins. It’s a great space. It’s the best and cheapest way to live on the waterfront in Hawaii.
While I was in Afghanistan I was studying for the MCAT because I was thinking about going to medical school. But I was constantly handling contracts and analyzing regulations and I realized I was way more into that side of things than the idea of sewing up wounds. We knew that Hawai’i was our place, so I only applied to Richardson [University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa William S. Richardson School of Law].
I was very concerned that my military background wouldn’t transition well to the civilian side of life. But in logistics you interact with so many different people because everyone needs supplies. So law school wasn’t as much of a challenge as I thought it would be. Time management and leadership skills are a huge part of the military. I was often weeks ahead in the reading, where some classmates were scrambling to finish before class. I was on almost every committee there was at the law school because I knew how to talk with people and identify and manage the steps needed to achieve what needed to be done. That, to me, was just an awesome translation of skills that I think really made my law school experience much better. Also, many people find the deadlines and pressure in law school and practice very stressful. But folks in the military have experience performing in literal life-and-death situations. I don’t panic like other people might, because I’ve been in worse situations. That turned out to be a big asset as a law student and litigator.
During law school I developed close mentoring relationships with Professors Eric Yamamoto (a Berkeley Law alum) and David Cohen (a former Berkeley Law professor). They set me on the path towards international criminal law. Prof. Cohen offered me an internship during my 2L summer that took me to Cambodia and Senegal to work on transitional justice initiatives. During that summer, I worked with Reed Brody (the “dictator hunter”) from Human Rights Watch in Senegal. I also worked with Prof. Cohen on maritime security issues through his ASEAN Law and Integration Center. That led me to a bunch of international speaking engagements and a fellowship in the Philippines.
When I returned to Hawai’i I wanted to actually learn how to practice the law, so I went to a mid-size litigation firm. At the same time, Richardson needed someone to cover a litigating intellectual property course for the semester. I had two trials going on at the same time, a bench trial on Maui and a jury trial on the Big Island. My life was crazy, but I thrived in teaching the class. The thrill of trial was awesome, but getting to teach these students about what practical things they need to learn for the law, that’s what I looked forward to most. Again, mentoring and training people are important skills in the Army, so it’s really what I’m passionate about, and teaching that class proved that to me.
I talked to Prof. Yamamoto about wanting to become a professor, and he encouraged me to look at Berkeley and try out the LL.M. program before deciding whether to commit to three to five years for the Ph.D.
I’m doing the thesis track and the Certificate in Law and Technology. I love my classes. Everybody is so engaged and the faculty are so dynamic. I’m taking patent litigation, and we’ve got three practitioners and their associates that come in every week and give us real time tips about what you should be doing in practice. That kind of exposure is just priceless because I don’t have that out here in Hawai’i.
Something I’ve been loving about “Zoom law school” is that people are so generous with their time. Every student and professor genuinely wants you to reach out to connect and talk. I’ve built a network of people around the world that I can’t wait to meet after the quarantine time is over. Also the variety and high quality of speakers the law school has been able to bring online for us has just been stellar because we’re getting these amazing folks who wouldn’t normally be able to fly out to California, hangout for an hour event, and then fly back.
It’s also pretty awesome to be sitting on the back of a boat and taking classes as the sun rises or sets over the marina. I go on hikes with my dog every morning and she hunts feral cats and mongoose. Her joy of being out in nature just resets everything for me and we get to see amazing parts of this beautiful island (check out their adventures on Instagram @kakiv7). I honestly couldn’t imagine a better way to go to law school.
Education: Trinity College, Fulbright ETA Program
Affiliations: Law Students of African Descent, First Generation Professionals, Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law
My dad, Raul Frank, was a professional boxer. He was a United States Boxing Association (USBA) Champion, a Latino International Champion, and two-time contender for the International Boxing Federation (IBF) Welterweight Championship. Many of my uncles became pro boxers as well. Over the years, my dad fought for Don King’s Promotion and Roy Jones’ Boxing Promotion. I recall my dad being interviewed by George Foreman, and also seeing Floyd Mayweather attend one of his fights for the IBF Welterweight Championship in Las Vegas. Being a part of these experiences helped me to gain exposure to concepts I would learn later in law school, such as negotiations, complex contract terms, and offers. As a child, many of these memories are etched in my mind. Growing up in Brooklyn as the son of a professional athlete, I always thought about how I could be helpful to the family and to my black and immigrant communities.
Law school was a big transition for me as a first-generation student. It took some time to adjust to the different learning process, but I was able to adapt thanks to the collaborative environment here at Berkeley. People here are just more inclined to work together. I really love that about the Berkeley Law community. I chose Berkeley because it gives students an opportunity to do real-world work outside of the classroom starting first year. Early on during 1L year I learned about Start Small through the Pro Bono Program. They are an organization that provides legal, financial, and marketing advice to entrepreneurs.
My dad is retired from professional fighting now and trains clients at Gleason’s Gym. Through boxing training, he helps children build confidence and adults to live a healthy lifestyle. Gleason’s is one of the oldest boxing gyms in the country and has a really interesting history. Hillary Swank trained at Gleason’s there in Million Dollar Baby. I actually have photos of my dad sparring with her during training for the movie. My dad now oversees the office of his former trainer, the late Bob Jackson, who trained with Cus A’Mato, former trainer of Mike Tyson. My dad wants to grow his training business and hopefully open his own gym one day. He also hopes to launch boxing shows around the country and world, especially in his home country, Guyana. Start Small heard about my father’s goals and recommended that I reach out to them to make him a client.
Working with them, I helped my dad form an LLC, build a website, increase his social media presence, and get a contract that limits his liability for training people in NYC. Proskauer Rose and Fried Frank helped us accomplish this. One of the videos we created with the guidance of Small’s social media team has twenty two thousand views. Student interns from the City University of New York (CUNY) also helped my dad to significantly increase his social media presence.
The skills that I learned in law school enabled me to communicate with lawyers and review contracts in a way that wasn’t possible for my family before. It’s really amazing to be able to use these legal skills in a way that can literally change somebody’s life, especially when the client is your own father.
To me, that’s what I was looking for in law school. It’s allowed me to be a heavyweight of sorts in making my families’ dreams a possibility.
Country of origin: Turkey
Before coming to Berkeley Law for the first time for LL.M., I was a third-year associate at big law in Istanbul, Turkey, at the firm’s Intellectual Property Law and Entertainment Industry practice. After I completed my LL.M. here at Berkeley Law in 2015, with Fulbright Scholarship, I went back to Turkey, and worked as an in-house counsel to a top media holding company. I extended their business to eight countries in less than two years in Latin America and Europe. I was the only US-trained, English speaking lawyer in the company at the time, so it was all on me, which was amazing. After two years there, I moved to the Netherlands to work as a legal counsel to Fox Sports, overseeing their European and Africa sports business in collaboration with the local Fox offices and the Los Angeles headquarters.
Since my days in big law, when the firm trusted me with authoring a few blurbs and article drafts on intellectual property and entertainment law updates, I was drawn to researching and writing. During LL.M., I pursued the thesis-track, and produced a comparative study on the right of publicity of athletes in the US and EU, which was supervised by Professor Molly Van Houweling. During that time, I was invited to present my work-in-progress at a conference in Texas. With that first formal presentation, I realized I wanted to pursue a J.S.D. at some point and become an academic.
Following my graduation from the LL.M. program, I was invited to author the Media Law in Turkey monograph by Wolters Kluwer. That was when I started researching and writing a lot about practical aspects of the entertainment industry. Curiosity followed and I expanded my research into technology and start-up space, focusing on intellectual property, corporate housekeeping and cross-border transactions. I was a lawyer by day and a scholar by night. Some of my articles were published by the American Bar Association’s and International Bar Association’s journals. One of the articles that I wrote actually got a global award from the International Bar Association. I was invited to Washington, D.C. and Sydney, Australia to give talks on the topic.
It was in late 2018 that really sunk in that it was time to formally go after my passion and apply to J.S.D. program. I had a great job. I had great colleagues. I loved every minute of my practice. So, I didn’t escape back to school, but I was driven forward to school by my passion and curiosity. I naturally came to Berkeley again, not only because I love the Bay Area and the people here, but also because content and distribution in the entertainment industry is so driven by technology now and Berkeley is the best for technology law. It is also home to the Robbins Collection, which is a treasure for a comparativist like myself, and I am honored to conduct my research as one of the distinguished Robbins fellows.
For my dissertation, I’m working with Professors Rob Merges, Molly Van Houweling, Chris Hoofnagle, Coye Cheshire, and Jonathan Gould. My project is data-driven and about transnational contracts and copyright law in the entertainment industries, how the digital streaming platforms have been changing content creation, valuation and compensation. I’m also developing more and more interest in social justice. I recently authored a book chapter, forthcoming by Cambridge University Press, looking at intellectual property and social justice values of access, inclusion, and empowerment on the international level, focusing on international institutions and instruments, how they are handling copyright, trademark, patents, other IP related rights from an inclusive access and empowerment perspective. I hope to dive deeper on that in one part of my dissertation. Separately, as a Miller Fellow, I am assisting Professor Saira Mohamed on the project “The injury of Illegal Orders”.
The J.S.D. experience is very different from a Master of Laws program. In my LL.M. class, everybody was either already practicing lawyers or preparing to go into practice. The conversation and focus was more practical and practice-oriented. In the J.S.D. program, some of my peers are already teaching overseas or they have experience as diplomats. So the conversation now is more about how to advise better policies to decision-makers, whether it’s politics or judiciary, how to make practice better with bettering the policies. It’s also very individual and more self-focused. It is liberating, but also very challenging to come up with an individual research agenda and the right questions.
The environment at Berkeley is really ideal for an aspiring academic. It’s very welcoming and it really feeds curiosity. It’s no surprise that Berkeley keeps winning Nobel prizes, I think that’s an indication of feeling safe and at home and ready to give 100 percent of yourself to add to humanity and science and art.
I’m looking forward to teaching, but intellectual property and contracts are an area that will always be interlaced with practice, especially in the entertainment industries. So I plan to continue practicing at least part-time to be on the ground and keep up with problems facing practitioners so I can contribute to solving issues that make a difference in the field. I haven’t seen many Turkish names in global scholarship in these areas of law, so I’m excited to add to the academy, not only in my home country, but globally.
Hometown: Lawrence, Kansas
Education: University of Southern California
Affiliations: Managing Editor, California Law Review Vol. 109
I wanted to be a journalist ever since I was in middle school. I majored in journalism in undergrad, I did summer internships at different newspapers, and ultimately was hired by the Los Angeles Times after graduating, covering breaking news and crime. I loved the adrenaline rush that came with being a journalist. I thought I would do that for the rest of my life.
I was part of the team of L.A. Times reporters that received a Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News for our coverage of the mass shooting in San Bernardino. Unfortunately, by that point, I had covered a few mass shootings already.
When something like that happens, people want to know how and why. Oftentimes, there are no answers to that question and as a journalist that’s really frustrating. You’re trying to get as much information as possible from witnesses and survivors and law enforcement, always trying to be respectful of the immense amount of trauma that people have just endured. You’re talking to neighbors and family trying to honor the people who died by telling their stories and describing who they were as people just so that readers really understand the magnitude of the loss.
It was a tremendous honor to win a Pulitzer Prize. I didn’t think that was something that I would ever be a part of. But I also think, for myself and my colleagues, as great of an honor as it was, we were very mindful of what exactly we had received that for, and particularly the people who lost their lives that day.
That was the beginning of when I started thinking about what I could do beyond reporting to try to help address some of these issues that are everywhere. But it was really the everyday stories, seeing how policing and the criminal legal system were deeply flawed. I got frustrated after a while. I felt like I was writing about the same problems over and over and hoping that someone would read my articles and do something about it. I decided I wanted to play a more hands on role in solving some of these issues that I was writing about.
Law school was a career change for me, and the more I went through my application process, the more self doubt began to trickle in. But when I came to Admitted Students Weekend, everyone at Berkeley Law seemed so smart and so friendly, and the campus was beautiful. And then during my tour of the law building, we stopped in the California Law Review office, and it felt like a newsroom. And that was the moment where I was like, “Okay, law school is going to be tough. It’s going to be a big adjustment. But this feels familiar, I know I’ll be okay here.”
Joining CLR was just a natural fit for me. I’m incredibly proud of the work that we’ve done at the law review. We’re really committed to uplifting new ideas and new voices that have been historically overlooked and publishing work that is clear and compelling and accessible beyond just the legal community. It’s also been a really great way to get to know my classmates on a personal level. CLR has 160 members, so it’s a really unique opportunity to get to know folks at the law school that you might not otherwise get to know.
I think having a journalism background, particularly in the area of criminal justice, has helped me in law school. When I was a journalist, I talked to people who were most affected by the legal system. Their stories have motivated me and reminded me why I’m here. Plus, effective lawyering can often involve effective storytelling. As lawyers, you’re trying to convince a judge that he or she should rule in your favor; or trying to convince a lawmaker that they need to pass this kind of law to help change someone’s life. If you can tell that story in a clear and compelling way, it’s going to help your case and your clients.
What I really like about law school is that now I get to take on an advocacy role. I’m not just sitting at the table, hearing what other people have to say about these issues or ideas, and writing it down for a story. I get to say what I think about those issues now and bring my ideas to the table. That’s very rewarding.